A New State of Beauty and Charm
This week, the ATLAS Collaboration at the CERN Large Hadron Collider announced the first observation of a new meson, the Bc(2S). The discovery is the work of PandA members Rui Wang, Konstantin Toms, and Sally Seidel and is the primary subject of Rui's April 2014 dissertion.
Mesons are subatomic particles composed of one quark and one antiquark. The Bc meson is composed of the heavy quarks beauty (also known as bottom) and charm. This is the heaviest meson state of two different quark flavors and the first member of the Bc family to be observed above the ground state.
The observation provides opportunities for testing predictions based on quantum chromodynamics, the theory of the strong force, and may contribute to extraction of the strong interaction potential.
The Bc(2S) is the third particle to be discovered at the LHC. A paper on the discovery has been submitted to Physical Review Letters.
Further information is available at: arxiv.org/abs/1407.1032.
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