Quantum algorithms for systems of linear equations inspired by adiabatic quantum computing

Presenting Author: Yigit Subasi, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Contributing Author(s): Rolando D. Somma, Davide Orsucci

We present two quantum algorithms based on evolution randomization, a simple variant of adiabatic quantum computing, to prepare a quantum state \(ket{x}\) that is proportional to the solution of the system of linear equations \(A \vec{x}=\vec{b}\). The time complexities of our algorithms are \(O(\kappa^2 \log(\kappa)/\epsilon)\) and \(O(\kappa \log(\kappa)/\epsilon)\) where \(\kappa \) is the condition number of \(A\) and \(\epsilon\) is the precision. Both algorithms are constructed using families of Hamiltonians that are linear combinations of products of \(A\), the projector onto the initial state \(|b>\), and single-qubit Pauli operators. The algorithms are conceptually simple and easy to implement. They are not obtained from equivalences between the gate model and adiabatic quantum computing, and do not use phase estimation or variable-time amplitude amplification. We describe a gate-based implementation via Hamiltonian simulation and prove that our second algorithm is almost optimal in terms of \(\kappa \). Like previous methods, our techniques yield an exponential quantum speed-up under some assumptions. Our results emphasize the role of Hamiltonian-based models of quantum computing for the discovery of important algorithms.

Read this article online: https://arxiv.org/abs/1805.10549

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